Value of Life

April 22, 2012

When you read some news or hear about some incidents this thought comes to mind, What is the value of a person’s life?

Two security guards were killed and the District Collector was kidnapped by Maoists. This is following the kidnap of a politician and a couple of Italian Tourists by the same group. Fact.

When you commit a murder, no matter whom you murder, you will get the same punishment. This stems from the “Rule of Law” propounded by A V Dicey in 1885 to apply to all societies. It has three main characteristics

  • The rights of individuals are determined by legal rule and not the arbitrary behaviour of authorities.
  • There can be no punishment unless a court decides there has been a breach of law.
  • Everyone, regardless of your position in society, is subject to the law.

This in principle states that everyone is equal and will be punished only by the court of law and only when the said person has breached the laws of that land. So, it inherently says all lives are equal. Fact.

 

These principles seem utopian and that is the reason why we see atrocities in the society but maybe they are not so idealistic or impractical as they are construed to be. Coming back to the first fact, the Maoists chose to kidnap politicians, foreigners and bureaucrats and not just anyone. This clearly shows that their lives are more valuable to the people of this country than say of a petty farmer. Agreed, these are the people who will effect change in larger way and others are guests in our country. Does that mean the farmer can be left to die? Maoists who claim to fight for such petty farmers dont value their lives that much too. Neither do they value the life of a bureaucrat who is trying to improve the lives of the same people for whom these Maoists claim to be fighting for. In midst of all this, what value do you give to the lives of those guards who were killed. Media conducted the interview of the family of the abducted collector  and even published a statement made by his wife. I still dont know if those guards had wives or kids. The guards’ families must sure have lost all hopes since parents have lost sons and their hopes of future. Just because they signed up for a job in which they will put their bodies between bullets and the person they are protecting, do they lose any and all kind of value for their lives? The collector’s school teacher’s statement is also in the news article but except the names of the guards, Kishun Kujur and Amjad Khan, I dont know whether they had wives, fathers, mothers, children, or did they go to school, were they bright students or not, did they have to deal with trauma of death in the family or whether they had Facebook accounts and if they updated it with any important viewpoints (All of which I know about the collector). I really dont know any of this and I have searched on the net but could not find much information on them. This is where we as people of this country fail

 

Considering different set of facts, we can now focus on the supporters of Maoists. Of course there will be difference of opinions in a large population and everyone would want their ideology to be propagated. But that does not mean that we must use means of violence and force it on others which is what these left wing extremists are doing. Over and above that they support the Islamist militancy and say that it must not be opposed since it is anti-US and anti-imperialist in nature. But then, isnt it also anti-human in nature? Regardless, kidnapping bureaucrats who have good reputations of helping the down trodden does not help us in believing that they are indeed fighting for the cause that they put out. They are in fact fighting for the ideologies rather than their goals (bringing peace to the people who are suffering at the hands of the present government). They have spread wide and far in the country yet they wont jump to action when an honest cop is killed protecting law by the hands of goons. They wont kill the leaders of land mafia who are cheating lakhs of poor people, but they will kill the police officers who are trying to maintain law and order citing one or two bad cops. Hindering the development of roads to remote location saying that they are being built to ease the travel of special forces to check the Maoists and then blaming the government for doing nothing for the poor is a definition of hypocrisy.

 

There is a lot to write about these two issues but much has been written, read and forgotten(bane of human mind). This is just a reminder to all that no one is absolutely right in a society. Compromises are a must to exist in a group, no matter how small that group is. When someone fails to compromise then the chaos starts. It can be absorbed by someone else’s compromise and even if they are adamant then the chaos grows bigger and slowly there is destruction, not just physical but also moral. When the chaos has stayed for a long period of time, thats when we must check for signs of corruption. Ideologies are means to achieve goals. But over the time, Maoists have forgotten that and are trying to impose their ideologies on everyone. In this long time we, the people of India, have forgotten too what democracy is for which we fought for so many years. I think that is the fault here. We fought for a long time for an ideology but we forgot the goals. It was not just those who formed the first government and wrote the constitution, but every citizen of that time had fought for Democracy. But they forgot, during that long struggle, both the meaning of Democracy and their ultimate goal of peace and prosperity. As a result, we are blaming the Maoists and they us. Both are wrong here and only when everyone realises this we will be able to attach the proper value to a life. Every life is precious.

 

 


Oath of an Indian citizen

March 28, 2012

sāre jahāñ se acchā hindostāñ hamārā

I recently watched a movie in which a Police officer takes his oath, so I began wondering about it. An oath, at the end of the day, is just words spoken out of your mouth. If you really put your heart behind it then only you will feel guilty when you break it or at least it will keep you from breaking it. The argument behind this conclusion is very long and I would like to write it down but not today. Today I want to write only about the result and its further application or else this post will become excruciatingly long. In short, as expected, the result was that these oaths are important and do certainly affect a lot of people who take them. My conclusion was that a reasonable person would definitely try to stay firm on his words till his so called “tipping point” beyond which he MIGHT, you know, break his promise. Lets not think about why and how he would break the promise, just focus on the fact that a promise generally works. And if that person is constantly reminded of his promise then he will make sure that he sticks to it. So, one of the logical branches of my thought process was the oath that a citizen of this country must take.

I have already posted about the Fundamental Duties of citizens of India long back. But this part of the Indian constitution is non-justiciable, meaning it cannot be forced on you. Basically you get a free ride and yet there are so many complaints that are tossed around. Anyway, coming to the point, I thought that a citizen must also take an oath just like any other public servant or public representative. Since the country gives you land, food, shelter and numerous rights it definitely makes sense to owe allegiance to it. That is, even the public must be bound by an oath. Some may argue that being a citizen means taking an oath of allegiance to the country. But I think not. You see, not everyone thinks that way. So, the solution is to make it explicit which will make sure that it is at least taken seriously. Hence, Oath of an Indian Citizen. So, its always good to see what the Constitution or the laws of the land have to say about it.

The Parliament of India passed the Citizenship Act in 1955, under Article 11 of the Constitution of India, where by it provided ways in which a person could become citizen of this country (Later on it has been amended many times, latest being in 2005). It is mentioned in this Act that those who acquire citizenship through Registration or Naturalization (Details can be found here) must take the “Oath of Allegiance” before they are provided with the citizenship. The oath reads as below

I, [name] do solemnly affirm (or swear) that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, and that I will faithfully observe the laws of India and fulfil my duties as a citizen of India. 

It clearly calls for understanding the laws of this land and honouring the Constitution and fulfilling the duties as a citizen. As this Act was passed by the people who also took part in the making of the Constitution I think we must consider that this oath is the bare minimum that every citizen in this country must follow.

 

Satyameva Jayate

My school days reminded me of another word, Pledge. The most simple way to point out the difference between a pledge and an oath is that an oath is generally associated with GOD. They are not something that can be easily broken. Pledge is somewhat more personal and does not has any spiritual overtone. Anyway, coming back to the matter at hand, I came across the pledge I used to recite everyday before the school started. Its called “indian National Pledge” and generally recited in Schools and during celebrations of Independence day and Republic day. It is rumoured to be written by Swami Vivekananda (need source) and it reads as below

India is my country and all Indians are my brothers and sisters. I love my country and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage. I shall always strive to be worthy of it.

I shall give my parents, teachers and elders respect and treat everyone with courtesy.

To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion. 

Jai Hind

This pledge was adopted by the schools on Republic Day of 1965 on the advice of the Central Advisory Board in Education which came up with this idea in its 31st meeting held on October 10th and 11th, 1964 in Bangalore.

This, I think, has always inspired me as a kid. Every morning I used to raise my right hand and recite this and I would feel proud. You know that feeling when you see yourself from a third person’s point of view and that person is jealous because he is not Indian, I am 😀 . Its silly, but still I believe that pledge has made impact on a lot of people. This is one of the reason for the conclusion I mentioned in the first paragraph of this post. This particular pledge has everything that will make the child who understands it and recites it from his heart a better citizen of tomorrow. It is relevant even now and it has many components of Fundamental Duties embedded in it. Now that I have become a citizen, the oath I take must include more. Of course, it can never be exhaustive but it must have the essentials. I am not going to write an oath and ask everyone to use it. Everyone has a different “tipping point”. Hence, you alone must write your own oath. I have provided two examples and in those are embedded the core values to be followed by every citizen. Write an oath for yourself which includes the above and add to it what you feel is relevant and recite it everyday. Again, it need not be exhaustive, but what ever is written must come from the heart. When it is from your heart, you will always follow it and give all you have to stand on your words

I, as a citizen of India, solemnly swear that I will uphold the Constitution and the laws of India.

I will fulfill my duties as laid down in Article 51A of the Constitution of India.

I shall love and cherish my country and strive to be a worthy citizen and shall perform my work with truthfulness and honesty.

I shall rise above all religious and linguistic prejudices and protect my country, its freedom and its integrity.

To my country and my people, I owe my devotion.

Jai Hind.

 

Would definitely love to see more and more people make their own oaths and follow them. I think in today’s trying times with all the drama of corruption and scams on one side and the harsh reality of poverty and deaths on the other, every citizen must rise up to the challenge and for once stop blaming the “Government”. In democracy everyone is a part of the government and the duties of a citizen does not end once he has voted. They just change and we must adopt to them and keep working towards a better future.


Engineering and MBA

March 20, 2012

Most people ask the wrong question. They wonder why anyone would want to do MBA after wasting 4 years of their time in Engineering. They even ridicule those who start preparing for entrance tests for business schools.

The right question, and yet I need to ask it, is: Why did you take up Engineering when you wanted to be in the management field?

Then again, is it wrong? The answer is simple. No. Its not.

You see, most of them do not have any choice at the time they entered engineering. Parents and peer pressure drives them to only two options BE or MBBS. Now many of them put in extra effort and write IIT-JEE or AIEEE to get into premiere engineering institutions and curse everyone in the world for the rest of 4 years while they endure the course. At the end they make a decision to get out. MBA

Doing what you love will bring peace else we keep suffering all the time and we all have experienced that in our lives. Having said that, a technical job does not give that to everyone. Only very few people enjoy doing technical stuff. Others get bored of it soon and want to do something different. Management stream helps in this front. There is no deep specialization in this field. Its easier for you to migrate from one problem to another without major shift in the tool set required to tackle it unlike say engineering. Moreover, a manager with a aptitude for technology is much more useful in a company and will prove to be a valuable asset. As an engineer moves up the ladder in his company he will invariably have to take up some managerial functions. So, its better to cut to the chase and directly join as a manager. This does not mean that the engineer who becomes a manager by promotion will be incapable to handle the job without an MBA degree. He would have accumulated good amount to experience and could definitely read up on developing managerial skills required to do his job, we engineers are pretty good at cramming ourselves with information.

So, ultimately where does it leave us? My conclusion is this. Its not right to frown upon people who do engineering and then do MBA because it will just show your lack of understanding of the field. But an important point to note here is that over 90% of BE+MBA guys dont want to be engineers. This must be stopped. How? By providing a little independence to the students to choose their own career paths. To make some key decisions of their lives by themselves. A career guidance at school level and in 12th std would definitely help. One more word of caution. Do not repeat the same mistake that you did when you joined engineering. Popular trend is that you do engineering and get a job. So, you followed that trend. The next popular trend is to do MBA and then get a job. So, think if thats what you want before you do it. Ultimately it all depends on your calling. When you get it, you will know what you want to do. Do it. Its your dream fulfill it and it doesnt matter when it gets fulfilled. You are only human and its human to make mistakes, make wrong decisions in life. Ultimately what counts as a good career is that which makes you happy.


Musings

February 12, 2012

Some times you suddenly reach a state where you start observing your thought process as it keeps happening. Meaning that you are thinking about something and suddenly that is set into automatic mode and you start observing that train of thoughts as a third person. I don’t know if this happens with everyone or not, but its something that I always experience when I am saturated with thoughts. Its kind of creepy and I can be in that state for a few minutes before that train of thought breaks away. Its like overclocking my mind for a few minutes and using hyperthreads to access information stored in there.

So what?

Well, it kind of gives me bird’s eye view of the things that were going on in my mind. When I see that collectively it almost always makes me laugh. I am sure everyone has, some time in their life, wondered how they ended up thinking about something that was going on in their mind and try to trace back the train of thought that led them to that point. But more often than not we fail to complete that trace. But when I am in this special state I always know where I started and where I ended. For example I start thinking about a voltage regulator and end up thinking about my niece’s way of pointing finger in general direction whenever I ask her any question. I reach there by thinking through food, movie, a black hole and many other things. The space out itself may span a solid 15 to 20 minutes covering more than 50 specific yet related topics about which I would think. It always involves some or the other moral question of substantial importance. Yet the whole chain starts and ends with ridiculous thoughts.

As if this whole lot of wondering was not enough, I start thinking about why one thought triggered the next one specifically and not any other thought. Like a blackhole should trigger a thought about stars or CERN and not about a hole in one of pants pocket from where my bike keys kept falling. That hardly qualifies as a blackhole that eats everything thrown its way. I guess my pocket also did the same thing on a much lower scale. That again leads to a new thought process trying to connect one thought to another but the funny thing is that this too breaks away from the main function of connecting the previous train of thoughts and end up creating a different chain that again leads to ridiculous ending. So, that’s how a lazy afternoon or the time when sitting with open mouth in front of an open book is spent. Always these thoughts are triggered by some events that have taken place before, recent or otherwise. Every time I have analysed such thoughts I have found it to be true. This is just a distraction that’s starts of a long chain of thoughts that lead you nowhere. That’s why I sometimes feel there should really be a device where you could store some of these memories removed from your mind. Just to keep me from wandering around in my world of thoughts…


National Anthem

January 24, 2012

From quiet some time I have been seeing this controversy about our National Anthem and it is being circulated in the internet causing people to lose respect towards the song. There have been lot of ignorant people who have discredited this prayer to GOD and MOTHERLAND. Just one request to all, when you read some report saying anything like this just do a small Google search get to know the other side of the story. Just spend some time to know what are the counter-arguments to such a statement.

Specially when it comes to a song which every child in school sings passionately and by the end his heart will be filled with patriotism and love towards the nation and this song when I used to sing as a kid would make me want to serve the nation in any which way possible, one always has to be careful about what is said about it. These are the days when even school kids have access to internet and they will read about it and talk about it in the school. As a citizen of this country it is your FUNDAMENTAL DUTY under Article 51A (a) to Respect National Anthem, Flag and National Symbols. But everyone is more interested to know about the Fundamental Right to the Freedom of Expression under Article 19(1)(a) and thoroughly abuse it. But what many are unaware of is the constitution also lays down reasonable restrictions on the use of this fundamental right.

Article 19(2) says “Nothing in sub-clause (a) of clause (1) of Article 19 shall affect the operation of any existing law, or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub-clause in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence. It must also be noticed that this article 19(1)(a) only gives freedom of press. Hence, there is also a responsibility on the press to abide by these restrictions laid down by the article 19(2).

Now coming to the point, if you say that you have fundamental right to say what ever you want then you are wrong. No one has any absolute right. Constitution was prepared by some of the great visionaries and intellectuals of that time who knew what core values of this nation are. Hence, defaming the national anthem which is a part of identity of our country is a very shameful deed. If you are still under the impression that the song was written to praise a certain king then please read the content in this site. This is one more link where a very systematic assessment has been made

Be proud when you sing it. Its the song that unites the largest democracy in the world and the most diverse population in the world. It is our National Anthem. Below is a nice videos if you havent yet watched it.. 🙂


Are we fools

December 23, 2011

“Super-government fears haunt MPs”

That is the headline in the paper today which carries the list of apprehensions the MPs have with the tabled lokpal bill. Now they have the right to be afraid as their neck is on the line when they pass that bill. It is essentially a green signal for their prosecution (ideally of course). But as I read the news I couldn’t help but think if these MPs consider us so foolish. When you read the article you will understand why I made that statement. I will pull out some excerpts from the article and then analyse them. I wont talk out of context and will keep my analysis completely honest. Also, I am providing the link to the original article so that the reader may verify if I have taken anything out of context and interpreted it wrongly or maliciously.  So lets being the analysis

Basudev Acharya of the CPI (M) said his party would move an amendment “if it finds that the principle of federalism has been violated.” Most regional parties supported only an “enabling” model legislation for the States that was “not mandatory”.

This is in regard to the mandatory establishment of the Lokayukta in the states. Now history is the best teacher to all. Way back in 1959 Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) were started in our country. These local self Governments were to be extended all over the country and a resolution was passed to do the needful. But PRIs were set up in every village only after the 1992 Act which made it compulsory for the states to set up PRIs within one year from the passing of the Act. Similar is the case with the Lokayukta which has to be established in all the states but till now only a few states have actually established them and in these states there is no uniformity with regards to the structure and function of the Lokayukta. Hence, it is not only desirable but has become necessary for the center to make a law that mandates the states to do its job. There is no breach of federal structure here as the states are abusing their power and kicking their responsibilities out of the window. In view of such a condition this law becomes necessary.

The most exciting part of the political theatre that was played out in Parliament on Wednesday centred around the inclusion of minorities and women among those sections of society that must be represented in the Lokpal.

This is something I appreciate. The opposition is opposed to this proposal and rightly so. What is the need to reserve places in such an institution where you need people for certain qualification. By the time a person from minority reaches that age and experience required to become lokpal I don’t think he needs reservation. His qualifications and competency should give him that post and not his community. Besides if you cannot trust lokpal to rise above social evils like casteism then there is really no point of setting up such an institution

And as for the Shiv Sena, it was in any case, opposed to the very creation of a Lokpal. One MP joked: “The BJP will now make it a Hindu-Muslim issue and all the secular parties will join hands.”

Even lokpal cannot prosecute any MP for his words in the Parliament. Yet Kapil Sibal wants to moderate us in our social networking sites and let his colleagues utter any kind of nonsense in the Parliament. It is beyond me to fathom the reasons behind Shiv Sena’s opposition and neither am I interested to know the reason. Experience has taught me that you cannot expect any logic from that particular quarter.

There was almost complete unanimity – cutting across parties – that if MPs were to be free to vote “according to their conscience” and “not be subjected to party whips,” the Lokpal Bill would surely be defeated. In fact, some MPs said this much. Biju Janata Dal’s Jay Panda has been publicly campaigning for a “free vote” on all Bills except on a motion of no confidence.

For the benefit of those who do not know, a “whip” is a direction issued by a party instructing all its MPs (at center) or MLAs (at State) to be present in the house at the time of voting and vote according to the party direction. Meaning, first thing is that you are not allowed to bunk. Secondly, you MUST vote and cannot abstain from voting and also you must vote according to what the party leader says. If the leaders says vote FOR then you must vote FOR. If you fail to follow the instruction then you will face action from the party and may even be expelled from the party. If you are expelled from the party then you will lose the seat in the parliament.

First thing first, so many bills don’t get passed because there will be no one to vote in the Parliament and State legislatures. So, when you fail to respect the fact that you need to do your job by staying in the house and listening to the deliberations and finally vote, how can you claim a free vote?  Even if the party leaders and cabinet wants to pass the bill, will all the MPs want the same? Its a bill that will stop them from making money and obviously they will vote against it citing some trivial reason. OK, even if we agree for free vote then why not extend it to everything? Why leave no confidence motion out of it? Why not allow all the MPs were to vote according to their conscience in a no confidence motion? (FYI – If a government loses no-confidence motion in the parliament then the government falls and new government has to be formed). The answer to my question is the answer to the question in the above excerpt.

Anant Geete (Shiv Sena) said: “A powerful Lokpal would in fact upset the checks and balances in our Constitution and the principle of accountability in a parliamentary democracy even as it would erode the authority of the government of the day.” It was a very wrong move, he warned.

Ahem. Thats a lot of words actually. Nothing of this sort will happen. We are already observing what kind of checks and balances are working in the present scenario. Multi-crore scams have been happening since independence and not even one case has been solved properly. When Shiv Sena itself is acting like a bunch of hooligans without any check you cannot expect to make such a statement and not be laughed at. The CBI, ED, ECI, CVC, Supreme Court, etc are there to make sure that there is accountability in the system. But they have either failed or are not enough for all kind of complex situations. Lokpal or an institution like it is necessary to enforce accountability in the system. That is such a basic fact which even a child understands but for some reason Shiv Sena is not getting a hang of.

Samajwadi Party leader Mulayam Singh asked the million dollar question: “when almost everyone in the country is deemed to be corrupt [by the Anna team], from where will come an honest Lokpal? Will not a Lokpal be in a position to blackmail a duly elected government?”

When we are entrusting the nation’s security into the hands of politicians is it difficult for us to try Lokpal instead? Do we really have anything to lose? Rather, the question Mr. Singh should answer is that is he a 5th std student who cannot understand what to speak in Parliament? Instead of wasting the precious time by passing sarcasm deliberate on the proper issues like CBI jurisdiction or reservation?  As for the second question, he himself knows how to blackmail a coalition government to do stuff by hanging the sword of support on their necks. When such blatant crimes are being committed on daily basis it is us, the people, who must decide if Lokpal will be a boon or bane. Its us who have sent you there wants a Lokpal to make sure you do your job right. We are not fools or idiots who do not understand the implications of the Act if passed and repercussions if it is not passed yet again. With all the irregularities taking place during general election based on which we can question the credibility of the elected government he must not ask such a question. Besides, logically there is no way in which Lokpal can hold the government hostage since a lokpal can be removed by the Parliament itself rendering his question redundant and mildly stupid.

 

Analysis aside, their general condition could be sensed by these reactions. They are apprehensive to pass the bill and will do anything and everything to stop it from happening. The timing of introduction of the bill is consistent with the previous attempts to pass it where the bill lapsed as the session ended and the next government never took it up. If it is not passed in this session, then they will have to use the budget session to pass it which is not gonna happen since there are so many things left to do in the budget session itself like the DTC and the GST which are likely to miss the deadline anyway. In my personal opinion the bill is not strong enough yet and still needs tweaking like bringing the CBI under Lokpal and also the investigation must be supervised by the Lokpal and not by CVC. A weal lokpal will be as good as no lokpal at all. I will be looking forward to what the opposition will do here. If they really want the bill to pass, then they must push for the amendments and then send it for voting. If UPA wants to really pass the bill then they must agree to the amendments and then send it for voting. The fate of this bill will really show the people if these politicians really want to make a difference or is it all just an elaborate drama to fool the people. What do you really think? Are we fools? Or do we understand the drama taking place and will react accordingly?

 

 


The Common Man

December 6, 2011

The recent polls in Bellary (Karnataka) elected an independent candidate Sriramulu with thumping majority but he did not take oath as member of the house Monday as he wants to first meet Janardhana Reddy in the Hyderabad jail. People elect these kind of candidates with decisive majority. I think this is the second highest majority in the Karanataka election history. So, I suggest all of you to sit back and see the bigger picture of the corruption.

When a traffic policeman is accused of corruption it is because of the people who are not willing to pay the fine. If the citizen is not corrupt then the policeman has no means of being corrupt. When you decide to take the easy way out in a government office and not go through the different windows you will end up paying bribe to the officials and encourage corruption among them. It is very much the “common man’s” fault too and the “common man” is too proud to admit his mistake. A little introspection is needed before accusing others of corruption. Apart from monetary corruption the society is filled with moral and social corruption and all is done by the “common man”. He is not as innocent as his image is projected in any such discussion where inevitably he is the victim despite the rights and privileges given to him by constitution and by law.

The blatant laziness and complete apathy towards India as a nation has resulted in today’s condition of unawareness and corruption where leaders are non existent and anybody can influence a group of people who do not possess any kind of moral stand that could be equated to the kind of sentiments they display when abusing the system for its failure. They conveniently forget that they too are part of the same system and not some alien observers who are invited to give a critique of our administrative system. Even when foreign scholars give honest reports (Appleby) they are rejected and he is asked to conduct his research again just because they did not like the truth. When there is zero involvement of the “common man” in the administration then he slowly loses his moral right to question the system towards which he has not been dutiful but only apathetic.

A little introspection will give anybody a clear perspective. A person who is self motivated remains most productive for a longer time. There is a huge deficit of such people today. Even if a great leader comes along, there are no quality followers to lead a great revolution. I know many will disagree with this statement citing the most recent lokpal agitation under different leaders. But fact remains, 90% of those who protested have no idea of why EXACTLY the agitation is still going on. There were a few who actually tried to explain the other side(government’s side) but only to deaf ears since they had already made up their minds that the govt can never be right. Thats the reason I say again that awareness is the only way to form OUR opinion and not just follow someone else’s opinion blindly.

Common Man is not weak. The constitution derives its power from the common man. He is rendered weak due to the apathetic nature of everyone. As long as we dont care about anything else other than ourselves this state of affairs will continue. No political leader or civil servant will be able to do any substantial difference if the common man is not willing to fight back. Life is often said to be a ever going battle, so we cannot stop in between and expect to enjoy. At the end we will lose the war and die but we can win the battles if we are motivated to strike back. Attitude is the key here. Once you cultivate an attitude where you will desire meaningful goals out of life you can change the whole outlook of your life and common man will not be just another name for the weak but it will be the name of a force that can bring about sweeping changes in the society. As captian planet says, “The power is YOURS”